Kosovo, officially the Republic of Kosovo, is a partially recognised state in Southeastern Europe.It lies at the centre of the Balkans, occupying an area of 10,887 km 2 (4,203 sq mi), with a population of c. 1.8 million; and is bordered by the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest, and Montenegro to the west.
Από την μαγνητοσκοπημένη μετάδοση από το Μέγαρο Μουσικής : "ΗΘΟΣ ΑΡΜΟΝΙΩΝ, ΓΕΝΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΡΥΘΜΩΝ ...
It is believed to have acquired the name kalamatianos from the town of Kalamata in southern Greece; most Greek dances are commonly named after the villages or areas from which they are considered to have originated. Archived from the original PDF on 6 May It was named after one of the most prominent artists of Kosovo Muslim Mulliqi. Cornell University Press. Protestants, although recognised as a religious group in Kosovo by the government, were not represented in the census. Music of Greece. The Guardian. Historical Dictionary of Kosova. Retrieved 11 June Retrieved 19 February Main article: Media of Kosovo. All citizens are equal before the law and gender equality is ensured by the constitution. Sitnica , a tributary of Ibar, is the largest river lying completely within Kosovo's territory. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. There are many traditions that characterize the different regions of Greece , as well as its people and its culture. The Kosovan cuisine is mixed with influences of the Albanian and Serbian origins of its majority population. After the Independence of Kosovo in , the force became the governmental agency. Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 20 March In the Serbian province of Kosovo the ethnic Albanian birthrate was over three times that of the ethnic Serbs in the second half of the twentieth century. This was a political organisation that sought to unify all the Albanians of the Ottoman Empire in a common struggle for autonomy and greater cultural rights,  although they generally desired the continuation of the Ottoman Empire. Archived from the original on 2 July The agency carries nearly all general police duties such as criminal investigation, patrol activity, traffic policing, border control. From this period until today Kosovo has been inhabited, and traces of activities of societies from prehistoric, ancient and up to medieval time are visible throughout its territory. The advisory opinion, which is not binding over decisions by states to recognise or not recognise Kosovo, was rendered on 22 July , holding that Kosovo's declaration of independence was not in violation either of general principles of international law, which do not prohibit unilateral declarations of independence, nor of specific international law — in particular UNSCR — which did not define the final status process nor reserve the outcome to a decision of the Security Council. Archived from the original on 4 August Resolution provided that Kosovo would have autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and affirmed the territorial integrity of Yugoslavia, which has been legally succeeded by the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 7 August Parliamentary elections were held on 17 November European Centre for Minority Issues. Roots dating to the 5th century BC have been found in paintings on stones of singers with instruments. Archived from the original PDF on 4 May Archived from the original on 11 May Gjakova Airport was built by the Kosovo Force KFOR following the Kosovo War , next to an existing airfield used for agricultural purposes, and was used mainly for military and humanitarian flights. In , the province was renamed the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. The importance of the area lay in its mining potential metalla Dardana which was heavily exploited in the CE centuries as highlighted by the large mining complex of Municipium Dardanorum and the designation of part of the region as an imperial mining district. Main article: Music of Kosovo. Freedom of belief, conscience and religion is guaranteed with religious autonomy ensured and protected. Deutsche Welle. Pristina and Brussels. Kosovan art was unknown to the international public for a very long time, because of the regime, many artists were unable to display their art in art galleries, and so were always on the lookout for alternatives, and even resorted to taking matters into their own hands. Download as PDF Printable version. However, the name "Kosova" remains more widely used among the Albanian population. Therefore, until arguments of Paleolithic and Mesolithic man are confirmed, Neolithic man, respectively the Neolithic sites are considered the chronological beginning of population in Kosovo. Food is an important component in the social life of the people of Kosovo particularly during religious holidays such as Christmas , Easter and Ramadan. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Legislative functions are vested in both the Parliament and the ministers within their competencies. Tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb communities simmered through the 20th century and occasionally erupted into major violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of and , which resulted in the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army, the establishment of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo and the declaration of independence in Views Read Edit View history. The mountains run laterally through the west along the border with Albania and Montenegro. Depending on the occasion and the dancers' proficiency, certain steps may be taken as jumps or squats. By , the Kosovo Liberation Army KLA , an ethnic Albanian guerrilla paramilitary group that sought the separation of Kosovo and the eventual creation of a Greater Albania ,  had prevailed over the Rugova's non-violent resistance movement and launched attacks against the Yugoslav Army and Serbian police in Kosovo, resulting in the Kosovo War. Archived PDF from the original on 24 September Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is predominantly public and supported by the state, run by the Ministry of Education.
Pentozali, a traditional dance from Crete. Credit: Screenshot from Youtube. Pentozali, or Pentozalis, is a gravity-bending traditional dance from the Greek island of Crete, where traditional ways of life still hold strong in many areas of the island. There are many traditions that characterize the different regions of Greece , as well as its people and its culture. Culinary traditions go hand in hand with folkloric expressions that represent the soul and the love of the people for their land. Among them, dance and music have a prominent place. The Pentozali also symbolizes the fifth zeal that is, the step , that stands for the fifth attempt of the Greeks to liberate themselves from the Ottoman Turks. The ten basic steps of the dance are in memory of October 10, , where it was danced for the first time in Anopolis, in the region of Sfakion, upon the decision of the Sfakians to start a revolution against the Ottomans. The Pentozali is a purely martial dance, performed only by men, that declares the uprising, heroism, and hope of the Cretans. Some scholars even link the origins of the dance to the ancient Minoans , who danced with similar steps and movements in their own martial dance. Pentozali is a vibrant dance, with high jumps. Although there are a number of set steps that all dancers follow, there is also room for creativity and improvisation amongst the men who perform the traditional dance. All dancers stand in a circle, holding each other by the shoulders; however, they dance at different speeds, depending on the pace of the music, which changes rapidly. The first dancer of the row is the one in charge of improvising his jumps and acrobatic movements. He holds the hand of the next dancer, while the remaining dancers still hold each other by their shoulders. This second dancer acts as a support pole, staying as rigid as possible so as to allow the first dancer to perform his acrobatic feats. Normally the Cretan stivania, or boots, are also part of the costume. The music is mainly instrumental though there can be lyrics accompanying it. Usually the tune is played by a Cretan lyra, along with a lauto, played in a percussive way. The lyre player is in charge of directing the dance; he improvises as a way to tell the first dancer to do the same. He resumes the main time when the first dancer has to give his place to another one. Take a look at this video portraying a pentozali danced by the Cretan group Laographikos Omilos Chanion , courtesy of Alexandros Katsikandarakis. See all the latest news from Greece and the world at Greekreporter. Contact our newsroom to report an update or send your story, photos and videos. Follow GR on Google News and subscribe here to our daily email! Sign in. Log into your account. Password recovery. Tech News. Greek News. All Archaeology Art Charity Crime. Pontikonisi, also known as "Mouse Island", is a Greek islet located at the entrance of Halkiopoulos lagoon in Corfu. The islet is better-known for hosting Ancient Greece. Many are the stories from ancient Greek mythology that are widely known around the world and many are the movies based on them. Pfizer announced on Monday that they are testing an oral antiviral drug that could stop coronavirus infection after exposure. The announcement comes at a For the first time in recent memory the possibility of imprisoning political rivals has entered the political discourse of a modern western election. By Gabi Ancarola. July 4, Related Posts.
Amsterdam: Hakkert. Retrieved 8 August Other historical architectural structures of interest include kullas from the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as a number of bridges, urban centers and fortresses. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March By the 13th century, Kosovo became the core of the Serbian medieval state , and has also been the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church from the 14th century, when its status was upgraded to a patriarchate. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In , the Provisional Institutions of Self Government estimated the population of Kosovo to be between 1. In February , Ahtisaari delivered a draft status settlement proposal to leaders in Belgrade and Pristina, the basis for a draft UN Security Council Resolution which proposed 'supervised independence' for the province. Retrieved 27 June It is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools and also available in languages of recognised minorities in Kosovo, where classes are held in Albanian , Serbian, Bosnian , Turkish and Croatian. Basingstoke: Macmillan, Archived from the original on 11 January Namespaces Article Talk. Bern : Peter Lang. Archived from the original PDF on 28 October The eastern parts of the region were at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone. All of them are administered by the Judicial Council located in Pristina. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Albania has an embassy in the capital Pristina and Kosovo an embassy in Tirana. The first phase primary education includes grades one to five, and the second phase low secondary education grades six to nine. During and after the war, over three hundred Serb civilians who were taken across the border into Albania were killed in a "Yellow House" near the town of Burrel and had several of their organs removed for sale on the black market. Pentozali is a vibrant dance, with high jumps. World Bank. The movement supported a centralised form of government and opposed any sort of autonomy desired by the various nationalities of the Ottoman Empire. Archived from the original on 17 February Archived from the original PDF on 7 October During the 13th and 14th centuries, Kosovo became a political, cultural and religious centre of the Serbian Kingdom. Forming part of the E65 , it is the second motorway constructed in the region and it links the capital Pristina with the border with North Macedonia at Elez Han , which is about 20 km 12 mi from Skopje. Archived from the original on 6 October Viktorija is the only artist from Kosovo who represented Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest as part of Aska in After the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in , most of Kosovo was assigned to Italian-controlled Albania, with the rest being controlled by Germany and Bulgaria. The first championship was held in , with the participation of eight teams. PMC Until World War II, the only entity bearing the name of Kosovo had been a political unit carved from the former vilayet which bore no special significance to its internal population. Partially unrecognised Palestine recognition relations. This article does not cite any sources. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Pages using sidebar with the child parameter Articles containing Greek-language text. Retrieved 18 November Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Archived from the original PDF on 12 July There are several reasons for this stagnation, ranging from consecutive occupations, political turmoil and the War in Kosovo in The Yugoslav delegation found the terms unacceptable and refused to sign the draft. Deutsche Welle in Albanian. By far the most popular sport in Kosovo is football. The correspondence of Illyrian names — including those of the ruling elite — in Dardania with those of the southern Illyrians suggests a "thracianization" of parts of Dardania. Pristina is an important fashion design, production, and trade hub in the Albanian-speaking territories. Archived from the original on 12 February Retrieved 29 June Archived from the original on 29 November Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Kosovafilm was reestablished after Yugoslav withdrawal from the region in June and has since been endeavoring to revive the film industry in Kosovo. The s saw an increase in the number of Kosovar players of Albanian origin playing in top European teams.
Kosovo , [a] officially the Republic of Kosovo , [b] is a partially recognised state in Southeastern Europe. It lies at the centre of the Balkans , occupying an area of 10, km 2 4, sq mi , with a population of c. Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February ,  and has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 97 member states of the United Nations. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and Kosovo. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. In classical antiquity, the central tribe which emerged in the territory of Kosovo were Dardani , who formed an independent polity known as the Kingdom of Dardania in the 4th century BCE. It was annexed by the Roman Empire by the 1st century BCE, and for the next millennium the territory remained part of the Byzantine Empire , whose rule was eroded by Slavic invasions beginning in the 6th—7th century CE. In the centuries thereafter, control of the area alternated between the Byzantines and the First Bulgarian Empire. By the 13th century, Kosovo became the core of the Serbian medieval state , and has also been the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church from the 14th century, when its status was upgraded to a patriarchate. The Ottoman Empire ruled the area until the early 20th century. In the late 19th century, Kosovo was the centre of the Albanian National Awakening. Tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb communities simmered through the 20th century and occasionally erupted into major violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of and , which resulted in the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army, the establishment of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo and the declaration of independence in Serbia does not recognise Kosovo as a sovereign state and continues to claim it as its constituent Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija , although it accepts governing authority of the Kosovo institutions as a part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is a developing country , with an upper-middle-income economy. It has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade by international financial institutions, and growth every year since the onset of the financial crisis of — Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund , World Bank , and has applied for membership of Interpol and for observer status in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Albanians also refer to Kosovo as Dardania , the name of an ancient kingdom and later Roman province , which covered the territory of modern-day Kosovo. However, the name "Kosova" remains more widely used among the Albanian population. The current borders of Kosovo were drawn while part of Yugoslavia in , when the Autonomous Region of Kosovo and Metohija — was created as an administrative division of the new People's Republic of Serbia. In , it was raised from the level of an autonomous region to the level of an autonomous province as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija — In , the dual name "Kosovo and Metohija" was reduced to a simple "Kosovo" in the name of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo. In , the province was renamed the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. The official conventional long name of the state is Republic of Kosovo , as defined by the Constitution of Kosovo , and is used to represent Kosovo internationally. This arrangement, which has been dubbed the "asterisk agreement", was agreed in an point arrangement agreed on 24 February The strategic position including the abundant natural resources were favorable for the development of human settlements in Kosovo, as is highlighted by the hundreds of archaeological sites identified throughout its territory. Human settlement during the Paleolithic has not yet been confirmed by archaeological expeditions. Therefore, until arguments of Paleolithic and Mesolithic man are confirmed, Neolithic man, respectively the Neolithic sites are considered the chronological beginning of population in Kosovo. From this period until today Kosovo has been inhabited, and traces of activities of societies from prehistoric, ancient and up to medieval time are visible throughout its territory. Whereas, in some archaeological sites, multilayer settlements clearly reflect the continuity of life through centuries. The Dardani were the most important Paleo-Balkan tribe in the region of Kosovo. A wide area which consists of Kosovo, parts of Northern Macedonia and eastern Serbia was named Dardania after them in classical antiquity. The eastern parts of the region were at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone. In archaeological research, Illyrian names are predominant in western Dardania present-day Kosovo , while Thracian names are mostly found in eastern Dardania present-day south-eastern Serbia. Thracian names are absent in western Dardania; some Illyrian names appear in the eastern parts. Thus, their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe has been a subject of debate; the ethnolinguistic relationship between the two groups being largely uncertain and debated itself as well. The correspondence of Illyrian names — including those of the ruling elite — in Dardania with those of the southern Illyrians suggests a "thracianization" of parts of Dardania. The Roman state annexed Dardania by the first century CE. The importance of the area lay in its mining potential metalla Dardana which was heavily exploited in the CE centuries as highlighted by the large mining complex of Municipium Dardanorum and the designation of part of the region as an imperial mining district. Kosovo was part of two provinces, Praevalitana and Dardania. Ulpiana is the most important municipium which developed in Kosovo. In the next centuries, Kosovo was a frontier province of the Byzantine Empire. The region was exposed to an increasing number of raids from the 4th century CE onward, culminating with the Slavic migrations of the 6th and 7th centuries. There is one intriguing line of argument to suggest that the Slav presence in Kosovo and southernmost part of the Morava valley may have been quite weak in the first one or two centuries of Slav settlement. Only in the ninth century do we see the expansion of a strong Slav or quasi-Slav power into this region. Under a series of ambitious rulers, the Bulgarians — a Slav population which absorbed, linguistically and culturally, its ruling elite of Turkic Bulgars — pushed westwards across modern Macedonia and eastern Serbia, until by the 's they had taken over Kosovo and were pressing on the border of Rasci. The First Bulgarian Empire acquired Kosovo by the mid 9th century, but Byzantine control was restored by the late 10th century. Mihailo sent his son, Constantine Bodin with of his soldiers. After they met, the Bulgarian magnates proclaimed him "Emperor of the Bulgarians". Demetrios Chomatenos is the last Byzantine archbishop of Ohrid to include Prizren in his jurisdiction until